Human services agency seeks to improve care through new EHR strategy
CASE STUDY |
A large not-for-profit human services agency, providing a variety of behavioral and mental health and developmental disabilities services through a diverse set of programs through its network of facilities that includes residential housing, shelters and clinics, embarked on a strategic mission to improve care delivery through technology-enabled transformation. To jump-start this process, the organization engaged RSM’s health care technology and management consulting team to perform an evaluation and selection of an electronic health record (EHR) platform that aligned with the organization’s goals and its vision, unifying workflows and replacing its legacy system.
Behavioral health has long been on the periphery of health care because of prevalent reimbursement models, regulations and the cultural stigma associated with behavioral and mental health issues. This is changing dramatically due to a renewed interest in taking care of the whole person, from a physical and mental health perspective, and with growing literature that endorses the importance of addressing social and behavioral determinants of health when caring for an individual via an integrated health, value-based care or population health management paradigm.
With a greater focus on the behavioral and mental side, organizations that provide these services need to chart a road map to modernize their operations and their use of technology to enable care transformation that makes it possible to measure, benchmark and improve from a quality improvement and cost containment perspective.
Care transformation, enabled by technology modernization, within these organizations requires a substantial amount of focus. Unfortunately, the vendor landscape for behavioral health EHRs has yet to mature with respect to functionality and services. As a result, when it comes to care documentation, billing and regulatory reporting, a fragmented best-of-breed approach, as opposed to an integrated enterprise approach, is prevalent within the industry.
Inefficiencies and inconsistencies in communication between these systems lead to poor adoption and ultimately a poor return on investment from a technology and resources perspective. Ultimately, the goal of being able to document effectively and share that data with outside entities such as health information exchanges, accountable care organizations, referring providers, or affiliated hospitals is left unrealized.
While these challenges may seem consistent with what is seen on the physical health side, or even with other industries that are making a transition to digital, there are some unique challenges specific to the behavioral health industry, including clinical and financial workflows, reporting requirements, and the sensitivity of patient information.
Additionally, the standardization in care delivery is at a nascent stage at the moment. In addition, vendors have vastly different capabilities. A strategic approach to identify technology needs, and an EHR system, is essential.
The client’s current EHR had proven to be a burning platform, with significant organizational angst. They indicated the following concerns and issues:
- Consensus building was needed with respect to a new EHR platform across the organization and its varied service and program verticals.
- An EHR vendor needed to be identified that was a cultural fit for the organization.
- The need to utilize standard content versus building new would need to be balanced within the new EHR.
- For consumer assignment, quality and regulatory reporting, third-party data integration was needed with city and state agencies that used antiquated IT systems.
- Intake forms, assessments and treatment plans across all programs required integration.
- Billing efficiencies required improvement through a clinical documentation-driven integrated workflow.
- Transition plans for legacy data from paper and electronic data in the current state to the new platform was needed.
- IT resources required allocation to support operational activities while implementing a new EHR system.
- Financial implications needed to be considered with sun-setting an old system and investing in a new one.
Highlights from RSM’s EHR selection methodology to help the client included the following:
1. Solution scoping and vendor selection. Through a defined solution scoping and vendor selection approach, an area of primary focus was established. Guiding principles and key priorities for the organization were articulated. Formulating these criteria required building consensus within the organization and developing an objective methodology for selection. The following graphic illustrates the plan.
Key priorities identified for this EHR selection included:
2. Consultation with key users. End users and program directors engaged across different programs were consulted. These key individuals offered input on critical workflow requirements that were unique to each program based on the demographic served, program specifications or city and state agencies that were involved. This included:
a. Identification of rationalized findings against optimal protocols for care delivery and team communication
within the programs during a series of interviews with program directors and key personnel
b. Identification of intersection points for primary care and behavioral health data, with particular emphasis on the
need for a single consistent view for all provider, nurse, case manager and staff documentation; this helped build
the foundation for a person-centric solution enabling a desired integrated health strategy through EHR
3. Requirements for reporting. Requirements for automated reporting were launched, including operational, financial, quality and regulatory reporting. In addition, the team developed an integration road map with other third-party applications to reduce manual intervention in tracking, processing and updating clinical and financial information.
4. Evaluation criteria. Objective criteria were identified for evaluation of RFPs so evaluators were all assessing the systems consistently. This effort included:
a. Scoring a prioritized list of discrete requirements, distinguishing between standard functionality, workarounds,
custom development or third-party support
b. Supporting evidence-based, standards-driven and proven end-user workflows for integrated clinical and
5. RFP management. RSM’s best practices in RFP development, scoring and evaluation processes were utilized, including:
a. Discrete solution requirements gathering during the business requirements analysis phase
b. Evaluation scoring completed independently by the evaluators and the RSM team, followed by consensus
building activities in a roundtable format
6. Organizational buy-in. The EHR evaluation and selection project was promoted internally as an organizational transformation initiative. This effort reinforced that the scope of this effort was greater than just that of an IT project and it affected the entire organization.
7. Vendor selection. RSM assisted the client to narrow down the vendor field through a defined and objective selection process taking into account alignment to guiding principles, market perception, vendor viability, RFP responses, pricing, demonstration, implementation experience, culture, reference checks and organizational fit. This promoted:
a. RFP evaluation management, and allowed only a pre-screened list of vendors to bid
b. The creation of an EHR vendor mix that specialized in behavioral and mental health and substance abuse
treatment, and that aligned with organizational goals and culture
c. A viable vendor mix with respect to financial risks and organizational direction
8. Focused demos. Emphasized detailed demonstration script to be followed by vendor finalists. This ensured a focus on prioritized workflows most pertinent to the organization.
9. Selection consensus. Collaboratively held vendor selection discussions in an objective, data-driven format with consolidated qualitative and quantitative scoring of the vendor finalists.
The above efforts enabled effective vendor selection and management of the process. Through this collaboration with the client, vendors were selected with respect to criteria, decision-making timeline and required framework. Through this strategic process the best and final offers were reviewed and reference checks completed. This set the stage for an efficient contracting, implementation planning and execution process. A successful EHR vendor selection is an important step, but just the start of the technology-enabled transformation initiative. The tasks that follow are illustrated in the graphic below.